The Philosophy of Freedom is the fundamental philosophical work of the philosopher and esotericist Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). It addresses the questions whether and in what sense human beings can be said to be free.
The Philosophy of Freedom examines the basis for freedom in human thinking, gives an account of the relationship between knowledge and perception, and explores the reliability of thinking as a means to knowledge.
The conditions necessary for human beings to be free, and develops a moral philosophy that he describes as “ethical individualism”
exploring the nature of human freedom by accepting “that an action, of which the agent does not know why he performs it, cannot be free,” but asking what happens when a person becomes conscious of his or her motives for acting.
Through introspective observation we can become conscious of the motivations of our actions, and the sole possibility of human freedom, if it exists at all, must be sought in an awareness of the motives of our actions